First There ~ First Care
Learn the basic actions of bystander care
When a crash occurs, time is critical. Knowing what to do until help arrives can save lives. If you're the first there, be the first to care!
|Recognize an Emergency
While some emergencies are obvious, others are not. Here are some ways to recognize an emergency.
|Stop to Help
Take the time to stop and help in an emergency. When you stop, don't put yourself in danger:
Approach the crash site carefully. Check for:
Don't go any closer if you observe any of these situations or feel your safety is threatened! If you can't stop or approach the site safely, get to a phone and call for help at your first opportunity.
|Call for Help
Call 9-1-1 immediately. If you don't have quick access to a phone, send someone else to call for help while you attend to the injured victims.
Where to call:
Tell the dispatcher:
Be sure to answer all the dispatcher's questions and follow his/her instructions.
|Start the Breathing
Victims who are not breathing need your help first. Gently tilt the person's head to its normal, eyes-front position and check for breathing -- hold your hand in front of the person's mouth and nose to see if you can feel breathing.
Start rescue breathing if you can't feel or see the person breathing.
If the chest does not rise:
Continue rescue breathing until the victim can breathe without your help.
|Stop the Bleeding
Once the victim is breathing, you can check for bleeding. Put on protective gloves, if available. To stop the bleeding:
When EMS arrives, let them know the care you've provided and turn the scene over to them. You've done your part to help save a life!
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Material taken from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.